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Are the Palestinian Arabs Fulfilling President Bush's Conditions for Statehood? 
A Survey of Week #40: March 25, 2003 - March 31, 2003


On June 24, 2002, President Bush set forth the conditions that the
Palestinian Arabs must fulfill in order to merit U.S. support for the
creation of a Palestinian Arab state. Among the major obligations are that
the Palestinian Arabs must "dismantle the terrorist infrastructure," "end
incitement," "elect new leaders not compromised by terror," and
unequivocally embrace democracy and free market economics.

This report analyzes Palestinian Arab actions during the 40th week following
President Bush's speech, March 25 - March 31, 2003.

I. "Dismantle the Terrorist Infrastructure"

What They Must Do: President Bush said that the Palestinian Arabs must
"engage in a sustained fight against the terrorists and dismantle their
infrastructure." Those terms were previously defined in the Oslo and Wye
accords as including arresting and imprisoning terrorists; shutting down
bomb factories; seizing terrorists' weapons; extraditing terrorists to
Israel; punishing factions of the PLO that engage in terrorism; and
outlawing terrorist groups.

A report by the Israeli Foreign Ministry on February 20, 2003, revealed:
"Documents found recently in the Gaza offices of the Palestinian Preventive
Security Service (PPSS) expose not only the corruption and mismanagement of
the Palestinian Authority, but also reveal the channeling of PA funds toward
the financing and implementation of terrorist operation. "Among the
documents found during the IDF's Operation Guardian Fortress

in Gaza were hundreds of receipts along with photocopies of cheques and
other documents. These relate to the transfer of sums of money, ranging from
hundreds of dollars to hundreds of thousands of dollars, to senior and
lower-level operatives and other elements. These funds, originating from the
budgets of the Preventive Security apparatus and its independent sources of
income were used not only for preventive security (such as intelligence
gathering and preventive operations) but also to finance and initiate

The Bush administration has also said that in rebuilding its police and
security forces, the PA must reform them so they fight against terrorists
instead of taking part in terrorism. The training, under the supervision of
U.S., Egyptian, and Jordanian security officials, began on Sept. 19, 2002;
however, Israel has protested the fact that at least 100 of the 150 PA
security officers in the course "were involved in attacks on Israeli
civilians." (Middle East Newsline, Sept. 17, 2002)

What They Did During Week #40:

A. No Terrorists Arrested: There were no reports of terrorists being
arrested or imprisoned.

B. No Terrorists Extradited: The PA continued to ignore Israel's 45 requests
for the extradition of terrorists.

C. No Terror Groups Outlawed: The PA did not outlaw Hamas, Islamic Jihad,
Fatah, or any other terrorist groups.

D. No Terrorists' Weapons Seized: There were no reports of the PA seizing
terrorists' weapons. For example, on March 27, Israeli forces uncovered a
cache of bombs in Samaria, and on March 28, Israeli forces in Khan Yunis
covered a weapons manufacturing plant, blocks of explosives, a Kalashnikov
rifle, bullets, grenades, and an anti-tank rocket launcher.

E. No Closing of Bomb Factories: There were no reports of the PA shutting
down any bomb factories. By contrast, Israeli forces uncovered an Islamic
Jihad explosives laboratory in Jaljuliya on March 31, 2003.

F. No Punishing of PLO Terror Factions: There were no reports of the PLO
leadership punishing PLO factions that are engaged in terrorism, such as the
Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) and the Democratic
Front for the Liberation of Palestine (DFLP).

G. New Terrorist Attacks: During week #40, March 25 - March 31, 2003, there
were at least 21 terrorist attacks or attempted attacks, in which 43 people
were wounded:

March 25: Attack on Border Guards in eastern Jerusalem; one wounded ...
Attacks on Israeli motorists on the Gush Etzion-Hebron route ... Shooting
attack on Israeli forces near Gadid ... Shooting attack on Israeli forces
near Ganei Tal.

March 26: Terrorist intercepted on his way to an attack in Morag ...
Shooting attack on Israeli forces near Gadid ... Shooting attack on a
vehicle of the Kiryat Arba Municipality.

March 27: Bomb planted on a road patrolled by Israeli Army tanks in Gaza ...
Shooting attack on Israeli soldiers by terrorists in a PA police station in
Beit Hanoun.

March 28: Shots fired at Israeli soldiers in Tulkarm.

March 29: Shots fired and grenades thrown at Israeli soldiers on the
Israel-Egypt border ... Shots fired at Israeli forces in Gadid ... Shots
fired at a home in Neve Dekalim ... Bomb attack on an Israeli Army vehicle
in Gaza; three wounded ... Firebomb attack on an Israeli Army patrol near
Shechem (Nablus).

March 30: Suicide bombing in Netanya; 38 people wounded ... Shots fired by
terrorists who were intercepted trying to attack Kibbutz Erez ... Bombs
planted underneath cars in the Erez Industrial Zone in northern Gaza.

March 31: Shooting attack on Israeli soldiers in Gaza ... Attach on an
Israeli motorist near Beit Umar; one wounded ... Firebombs thrown at Israeli
motorists on the Modi'in highway.

II. "End Incitement"

What They Must Do: President Bush stated that the Palestinian Arabs must
"end incitement to violence in official media and publicly denounce homicide

What They Did During Week #40: The PA's official newspapers, television, and
radio continued to broadcast a steady stream of anti-Israel, anti-American,
and pro-violence incitement, and PA officials continued to make inciting

For example, on March 23, 2003, the PA newspaper Al-Hayat Al-Jadida
published a cartoon depicting a glorious Iraqi eagle with two soldiers, one
American and one British, caught in its claws. (Translation courtesy of
Palestinian Media Watch.) on March 27, 2003, quoted a policeman at PA headquarters
saying that the news of American losses in the Iraq war made it a "big day
for the Iraqi people and all the Arabs and Muslims." The report continued:

"They have just shot down two Apache helicopters," an excited merchant
shouted hysterically as he ran out of his shop. "This is unbelievable. The
Americans are losing the war. Iraq is going to be Bush's Vietnam." "Everyone
here was happy," the policeman said, "to see pictures of American soldiers
in Iraqi custody. This is a big blow for Bush and Blair."

The Jerusalem Post quoted one of his colleagues in Arafat's Force 17 saying
that the news made him so happy that "I felt like kissing all the people
around me. Saddam has once again proven that he is a great leader, a
defender of Arab rights. His men are brave. They have been able to teach the
American and British dogs an unforgettable lesson." Shortly after Saddam's
speech was aired...about 50 girls in green and white school uniforms marched
toward Ramallah's central square with signs denouncing U.S. "aggression" on
Iraq. The girls were greeted by shopkeepers and others as they chanted
choice sayings such as, "Oh beloved Saddam, bomb, bomb Tel Aviv;" "Oh
Saddam, we love you, why don't you annihilate all the Jews;" "Bush, soon
Saddam will bury you;" and "[King] Abdullah [of Jordan], your people don't
want you, we hope you will follow your father."

A PA journalist told the Jerusalem Post that the capture of coalition
soldiers brought a sense of pride to the PA: "Until yesterday, the feeling
here was bad, but when the pictures of the American prisoners and bodies of
soldiers were shown on TV, there was a lot of excitement. It's very moving
to watch Arab soldiers defeating American and British soldiers and killing
them." How do they feel about Saddam? "Saddam is now more popular than
ever," the journalist said. "The feeling here is that Saddam has restored
Arab confidence and dignity."

The widely televised footage of elated Iraqi villagers and militiamen waving
their rifles next to an Apache helicopter may have left some wrong
impressions. "An old man with a rifle was able to shoot down one of the
world's most advanced helicopters," one Ramallah Arab said proudly, if
mistakenly. "The Iraqis are very brave and we are proud of them."

Hassan al Kashef, a noted columnist and senior PA official, wrote [on March
26, 2003], "Iraq has presented to the Arabs and all the peoples of the world
proof that it is possible to defeat the U.S. On this day, the Arabs and the
rest of the world have come to learn that the U.S. is not the almighty
superpower that is capable of doing anything anytime. Iraq has proven that
surrendering to the will of the U.S. is the result of impotence,
miscalculation and a lack of will."

III. "Elect New Leaders Not Compromised by Terror"

What They Must Do: President Bush stated that the Palestinian Arabs must
hold "fair multiparty elections by the end of the year, with national
elections to follow," in which they "elect new leaders, leaders not
compromised by terror."

What They Did During Week #40: After previously announcing that it will hold
elections for chairman of the PA and members of the Palestinian Legislative
Council on January 20, 2003, the PA subsequently declared that those
elections will be indefinitely postponed because Israeli forces are
continuing to pursue terrorists in various parts of Judea, Samaria, and
Gaza. Even if those elections are eventually held, it remains to be seen if
they will be free and fair, as President Bush has required, or will be
marred by ballot-stuffing and intimidation of voters and potential non-PLO
candidates, as were the last PA elections, in 1996.

On March 19, 2003, Arafat's number two man, Mahmoud Abbas (aka Abu Mazen)
became prime minister of the PA. While PA officials claimed this fulfilled
President Bush's requirement for "new leaders not compromised by terror,"
Abbas told the Arab newspaper Alsharq Al-Awsat on March 3, 2003: "We didn't
talk about a break in the armed struggle ... It is our right to resist. The
Intifada must continue and it is the right of the Palestinian People to
resist and use all possible means in order to defends its presence and
existence. I add and say that if the Israelis come to your land in order to
erect a settlement then it is your right to defend what is yours."

The interviewer then asked: "Including using arms?" Abbas replied: "All
means and arms as long as they are coming to your home, as this is the right
to resist. The restriction applies only to 'Shahada -Seeking' [suicide]
operations and going out to attack in Tel Aviv or Jerusalem. There is no
justification to go out [of the territories] to fight the army."

Thus Abbas supports murdering all Jews in the territories, both soldiers and
civilians whom he defines as "settlers"--that is, Jews who reside in (or
happen to be visiting) Judea, Samaria, Gaza, the Golan, the Old City section
of Jerusalem (where the Jewish Quarter, Western Wall and Temple Mount are
situated), and Jerusalem neighborhoods such as Gilo, Ramat Eshkol, French
Hill, and the Hebrew University campus.

IV. "Build Democracy Based on Tolerance and Liberty"

What They Must Do: President Bush said that the Palestinian Arabs must
"build a practicing democracy based on tolerance and liberty," with "a new
constitution" and "a truly independent judiciary. He said they must
"confront corruption," and "the Palestinian parliament should have the full
authority of a legislative body." They must implement "market economics,"
and create "a vibrant economy where honest enterprise is encouraged by
honest government." In addition, there must be "an externally supervised
effort to rebuild and reform the Palestinian security services" with "clear
lines of authority and accountability and a unified chain of command."

What They Did During Week #40: Despite President Bush's conditions,
corruption continues to be the norm in the Palestinian Authority.
* * *
The Zionist Organization of America, founded in 1897, is the oldest
pro-Israel organization in the United States. The ZOA works to strengthen
U.S.-Israel relations, educates the American public and Congress about the
dangers that Israel faces, and combats anti-Israel bias in the media and on
college campuses. Its past presidents have included Supreme Court Justice
Louis Brandeis and Rabbi Dr. Abba Hillel Silver.

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